Knowledge of the relationship of the dorsal scapular artery (DSA) with the brachial plexus is limited. We report a case of a variant DSA path, and revisit DSA origins and underinvestigated relationship with the plexus in cadavers. The DSA was examined in a male patient and 106 cadavers. In the case, we observed an unusual DSA compressing the lower plexus trunk, that resulted in intermittent radiating pain and paresthesia. In the cadavers, the DSA originated most commonly from the subclavian artery (71%), with 35% from the thyrocervical trunk. Nine sides of eight cadavers (seven females) had two DSA branches per side, with one branch from each origin. The most typical DSA path was a subclavian artery origin before passing between upper and middle brachial plexus trunks (40% of DSAs), versus between middle and lower trunks (23%), or inferior (4%) or superior to the plexus (1%). Following a thyrocervical trunk origin, the DSA passed most frequently superior to the plexus (23%), versus between middle and lower trunks (6%) or upper and middle trunks (4%). Bilateral symmetry in origin and path through the brachial plexus was observed in 13 of 35 females (37%) and 6 of 17males (35%), with the most common bilateral finding of a subclavian artery origin and a path between upper and middle trunks (17%). Variability in the relationship between DSA and trunks of the brachial plexus has surgical and clinical implications, such as diagnosis of thoracic outlet syndrome.
Verenna, Anne-Marie A.; Alexandru, Daniela; Karimi, Afshin; Brown, Justin M.; Bove, Geoffrey M.; Daly, Frank J.; Pastore, Anthony M.; Pearson, Helen E.; and Barbe, Mary F., "Dorsal Scapular Artery Variations And Relationship To The Brachial Plexus, And A Related Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Case" (2016). Biomedical Sciences Faculty Publications. 14.