Research posters created and contributed by UNE faculty members.
Molly A. Kalish and Vasiliki Maseli
Poster presentation outlining a retrospective study conducted in order to better understand the needs of Maine residents and provide the appropriate oral health care in the future.
Background and Overview: Dental caries is a progressive, irreversible microbial disease affecting the hard tissues of the tooth. It is the most prevalent chronic disease affecting the human race. Once it occurs, its manifestations persist throughout life even when the lesion is... Read More
Laura Hitchcock, Brandon Kong, Hoang Pham, and John Redwanski
Herbal supplement sales in the U.S. increased by 7.5% between 2014 and 2015, from $6.441 billion to $6.922 billion, according to newly released data from the Nutrition Business Journal (NBJ). Dietary supplements and over-the-counter medications (OTC’s) do not have to be proven safe or effective before being sold to consumers like prescription medications. Under the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994, manufacturers only have to prove their... Read More
Differential Effects Of Cardiovascular And Resistance Exercise On Functional Mobility In Individuals With Advanced Cancer: A Randomized Trial
Amy J. Litterini, Vickie Fieler, James T. Cavanaugh, and Jeannette Lee
Objective: To compare the effects of resistance and cardiovascular exercise on functional mobility in individuals with advanced cancer.
Design: Prospective, 2-group pretest-posttest pilot study with randomization to either resistance or cardiovascular exercise mode.
Setting: Comprehensive community cancer center and a hospital-based fitness facility.
Demographics: Volunteer sample of individuals with advanced cancer recruited through the cancer center, palliative care service, rehabilitation department, and a local hospice.
Outcome Measures: Functional mobility... Read More
Alexandria D'Ambruoso, Kelsey Schwarz, Alex Deal, Kristen Erickson, Edward Bilsky, and Michael Burman
Research poster describing UNE's Center for Excellence in the Neurosciences (CEN) K-12 outreach program. Founded in 2009 with three main areas of focus—research, scholarship and community outreach—CEN includes over 40 faculty members affiliated with neuroscience research and/or education. The Neuroscience Outreach Program was established in 2009 with the goal of bringing fun, interactive neuroscience lessons to schools to engage students in learning about neuroscience. UNE undergraduate and professional students... Read More
Mikhail Eltsov, Sergey Sosnovksi, Ada L. Olins, and Donald E. Olins
Nuclear Envelope-Limited Chromatin Sheets (ELCS) form during excessive interphase nuclear envelope growth in a variety of cells. ELCS appear as extended sheets within the cytoplasm connecting distant nuclear lobes. Cross-section stained images of ELCS, viewed by transmission electron microscopy, resemble a sandwich of apposed nuclear envelopes separated by ~30 nm, containing a layer of ordered chromatin fibers. EM Procedures: The ultrastructure of ELCS was compared by three different methods:... Read More
Irina Fedulow and Katherine S. Rudolph
The perception of pain in patient populations can arise from tissue damage but when pain persists past the point of tissue healing it is thought to relate to abnormal pain processing in the CNS such as persistent central sensitization. Studies have shown that persistent central sensitization occurs in about 1/3 of people with chronic pain from knee OA and this abnormal pain processing can affect motor output and motor... Read More
Research Based Course Design For Supervisors Of Aspiring School Administrators: Effective Mentor Characteristics
The on-line training modules developed in this study draw on effective administrative induction programs (Hackmann, D., Russell, F., & Elliott, R., 1999), characteristics of administrative supervisors (Barth, 2003) and mentoring (Hall, 2008). Research on school leadership indicates that principal candidates are not prepared for the deluge of responsibilities to lead schools at higher standards (Institute for Educational Leadership, 2000) field-based internship experiences are inadequate.
Lovely (2004) implied that universities... Read More
Remineralization Of Enamel Lesions Proximal To Dentin Cavitated Lesions Restored With Resin Modified Glass Ionomer In The Primary Dentition
Christina McCann, David Velek, Dzhuliya Servetnik, and Nicholas Wentworth
Poster presentation of research proposal addressing: the evaluation of dental hard tissue remineralization proximal to glass ionomer restorations. It is hypothesized that glass ionomer used in class II restorations will provide significantly more bioavailable fluoride and hard tissue remineralization on the proximal surface of adjacent teeth as compared to the same restoration completed using resin composite materials.... Read More
Self-Study In Patient Safety And Quality Improvement To Enhance Student Experience In Interprofessional Case Competition
M. Lisa Pagnucco, Erin Maggie Jones, James Walrath, Danielle Cropley, Lindsay Robusto, Nora Asamoah, and Leslie Ochs
Objective: The Interprofessional Student Advisory Team (IPSAT) at the University of New England (UNE) organized its 2nd interprofessional student case competition, modeled after the CLARION competition from the University of Minnesota. Completion of an online certificate in patient safety and quality improvement from the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) Open School was added as a pre-requisite to participation in the 2014 competition. Completion of this program was predicted to... Read More
Exploring The Attitudes, Knowledge, And Receptivity Of Community-Working Pharmacists Regarding Two Over-The-Counter Medications (OTCs)
Robin Spielmann and John Redwanski
Many patients go without access to contemporary or traditional Western medicine due to lack of quality health insurance. Thus, more patients are turning to other less expensive, alternative forms of treatment. Our analysis of several different community-pharmacies in Maine, Indiana, Ohio, and Kentucky showed that many practicing pharmacists know little about these types of alternative therapies, and make little effort answering questions and/or making a safe recommendation about these... Read More
Daniel A. Brazeau, Calvin Meaney, Shirley Chang, Rocco Venuto, Nick Leca, Aijaz Gundroo, Sarah Morse, Joseph Consiglio, Louise Cooper, and Kathleen Tornatore
BACKGROUND: P-glycoprotein (P-gp), an ABC transport protein contributes to the interpatient pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic variability of calcineurin inhibitors(CNI), tacrolimus(TAC) and cyclosporine (CYA). ABCB1 encodes P-gp and the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) 1236C>T, 2677G>T/A, 3435C>T may alter protein expression or function. Our objective was to examine the association of ABCB1 haplotypes, sex and race with chronic CNI adverse effects (AE) in renal transplant recipients (RTR). METHODS: A meta-analysis of 3... Read More
Sally McCormack Tutt
Poster describing a case study created to help determine the feasibility of allowing the Director of Clinical Education to telecommute from Florida to Maine as a unique way to retain a valued core faculty member of the DPT department. Concludes there are benefits to departments considering this method of job performance, including: decreasing the turnover of quality faculty at an institution, reducing stress of a vacancy on the department... Read More
John Redwanski and Diana Nguyen
Poster presentation: The increased incidence of drug abuse in the state of Maine has correlated with the prevalence of pharmacy robberies. A 1400 percent increase of pharmacy robberies within the past 3 years has caught the attention of law enforcement and government. Maine’s attorney general commissioned the drug abuse task force to properly control this pharmacy epidemic.... Read More
Cost-Effectiveness And Implementation Of A Drug Information Center In The Bahamas And Surrounding Caribbean Islands
Alexander Wilson and John Redwanski
Poster presentation: Currently, no drug information centers exist in the Bahamas or Caribbean Islands. There is a significant strain placed on the Public Hospitals Authority pharmacy budget in the Bahamas. The ability to purchase multiple medications in the same therapeutic class without beneficial cost analysis provided by drug information centers, specifically drug utilization reviews to the Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee, has depleted the hospital’s budget. This project is designed... Read More
Racial Influence on ABCB1 Gene Expression in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells in Stable Renal Transplant Recipients
Daniel A. Brazeau, Kathleen Tornatore, Aijaz Gundroo, and Rocco Venuto
Background: Immunosuppressive therapy (IT) such as tacrolimus are influenced by pglycoprotein (P-gp) which modulates cellular efflux of this drug. P-gp is present on peripheral mononuclear cells (PBMC) and is encoded by the ABCB1 gene. No data are available regarding the impact of race on ABCB1 gene expression in PBMCs post-transplant over IT dosing interval. Methods: An observational study was completed in 20 African American (AA) and 11 Caucasian (C)... Read More
Michael Fillyaw, Elizabeth Dyer, and Sally McCormack Tutt
Poster presentation describing the outcomes for 30 first-year DPT students instructed in the elements of Evidence-Based Practice in a 2 credit course - Scientific Inquiry 1 (SI1). Faculty evaluated changes in: (1) DPT students’ knowledge and skills of EBP, as measured by the Adapted Fresno Test of Competence in Evidence-Based Practice (AFT) and (2) students’ self-confidence in EBP skills. This is the first study to use the AFT to... Read More
Michael Fillyaw and Elizabeth Dyer
Poster presentation describing the collaboration of physical therapy faculty and university librarian in teaching elements of evidence-based practice in Scientific Inquiry 1 in the DPT curriculum. These elements included: Writing a patient-centered clinical question P: Patient/Problem/Population I: Intervention C: Comparison O: Outcome; Developing an effective search strategy; Searching electronic databases for articles. Although the literature contains examples of faculty-librarian collaboration in other disciplines, reports about the collaboration in physical... Read More
John Redwanski and Alexander Wilson
Poster presentation: The incorporation of small group learning within a class is always a daunting task. A new technique was integrated in the Drug Information class of the pharmacy curriculum. This method was intended to alleviate previous small group problems, foster greater team involvement, and enhance student learning.
Tesha Turnball and John Redwanski
Introduction: Water accounts for three fourths of the earth in which 97% is salt water and 2% is frozen in glaciers; this leaves us humans with only 1% of water that is actually usable. Water is recycled and reused for drinking water as well as landscaping and agriculture use. According to a recent study conducted by European toxicologist estrogens, antibiotics, and antidepressants are seeping through our waste... Read More
John Redwanski, Jim Holland, and Amy Heck
Poster presentation: An evaluation to assess the herbal usage of the general public and how pharmacists may impact their buying habits. The survey will help to determine which herbals are of most concern from the public’s eye and how the public views natural medicines compared to prescription medications. The results of this study should help pharmacists and students realize the need for herbal education along with the knowledge of... Read More