Courtney E. Vannah
Download Full Text (529 KB)
This research poster addresses the question, “What treatment modalities are most effective at treating peri-implantitis (PI)?” Dental implants are one of the most innovative ways to support dental prosthetics. They can support heavy physical loads. However, infection causes inflammation and bone loss around implants. Studies indicate that there are many factors that can increase the risk for PI. These factors include: Smoking; pre-existing periodontal disease; oral hygiene, quality of prosthetic reconstruction; some systemic conditions and medications.
There are a significant amount of treatment options for PI that range from surgical, nonsurgical, antibiotics, and even lasers. While reviewing studies related to PI, it was apparent that using more than one treatment option works well. Multiple studies looked at the use of antibiotics after surgical debridement and decontamination. The results showed there were high success rates for the implants and most implants reduced periodontal behaviors such as deep pockets and recession. The difference between successful treatment and failure may revolve around the degree of chronic inflammation associated with bone loss, as well as biocompatibility of the implant to tissues. Early detection and treatment of mucositis, peri-implant bone loss, and peri-implantitis appear to be key factors that determine the prognosis of implant-supported restorations.
Ago, Lindsey; DiGirolamo, Caitlin; and Gagner, Dylan, "When Failure Is Not An Option" (2018). Dental Hygiene Student Research Posters. 3.