Research posters created and contributed by UNE faculty members.
2020 APTA Combined Sections Meeting Scientific Poster Presentation: How Well Do Clinical Walking Measures Predict Natural Walking Behavior In Parkinson Disease?
James T. Cavanaugh, Cristina Colon-Semenza, Tami DeAngelis, Ryan P. Duncan, Daniel Fulford, Martha Hessler, Michael LaValley, Timothy Nordhal, Lisa Quintiliani, Kerri S. Rawson, Marie Saint-Hilaire, Cathi A. Thomas, Jenna A. Zajac, Gammon M. Earhart, and Terry D. Ellis
Declines in the amount and intensity of natural walking behavior in people with Parkinson disease (PD) may precede declines in motor behavior, gait, and balance. Physical interventions targeting walking behavior in PD may have the greatest impact on slowing the progression of disability. Despite a lack of supporting evidence, however, clinicians may be more likely to rely on quick performance measures of walking speed, capacity, and balance to make... Read More
A Collaborative Partnership Project: Serving The Vulnerable And Educating Tomorrow’s Healthcare Professionals
Leslie J. Knight and Trisha A. Mason
The University of New England (UNE), Portland Public Library (PPL) and Maine Medical Center (MMC) came together to promote health awareness and provide resources for underserved community members. The project exemplifies the collaborative leadership of three community stakeholders in support of a vulnerable population while teaching leadership to healthcare profession students.Success of the project meant merging each stakeholder’s goals: UNE Westbrook College of Health Professions’ goal was to provide... Read More
Sally McCormack Tutt, Meredith Parry, and Shelley Cohen Konrad
The purpose of this quantitative, correlational study was to examine the direct relationship between students learning about case-based, interprofessional education in their didactic coursework and then demonstrating a change in behavior that allows them to engage in interprofessional collaborative practice in the clinical setting. Specifically, the study determined if healthcare students from physical therapy, occupational therapy, and nursing programs demonstrated the behaviors learned during case-based, IPE training to engage... Read More
Wilson Mei, Elizabeth Dyer, Barbara Swartzlander, and Marilyn R. Gugliucci
Studies have suggested that empathy in healthcare professionals tends to erode during medical school and residency training. However, a study conducted by Hofat presents outcomes that reveals the opposite effect; instead empathy improves or there is no effect on empathy at all. Despite the contradictory studies, it is generally agreed that empathy is an important aspect in the patient-physician relationship as it is associated with improved patient satisfaction, increased... Read More
The Core Journals List is a list of journals which have been evaluated by members of the AACP Library and Information Sciences Committee and deemed to be of high value for colleges of pharmacy. The list acts to support academic pharmacy programs in building their library collections. A nineteen question survey was drafted based on a 2015 survey. In order to reach as many users of the Core Journal... Read More
Molly A. Kalish and Vasiliki Maseli
Poster presentation outlining a retrospective study conducted in order to better understand the needs of Maine residents and provide the appropriate oral health care in the future.
Background and Overview: Dental caries is a progressive, irreversible microbial disease affecting the hard tissues of the tooth. It is the most prevalent chronic disease affecting the human race. Once it occurs, its manifestations persist throughout life even when the lesion is... Read More
Identification Of Academically At-risk Accelerated Bachelor Of Science In Nursing Students To Support Development Of Strategies To Promote Academic Success
Debra Kramlich, Judith Belanger, Dana Law-Ham, and Nora Krevans
Some studies report higher attrition rates for ABSN students than for traditional entry-level nursing students related to both academic and non-academic factors. Student costs associated with program extension or dismissal, or the student’s inability to become licensed to practice, can be high. A descriptive correlational study of 37 ABSN students used Kaplan Admissions Test administered as a post-entry evaluation for identification of at-risk students during first week of program.... Read More
Douglas B. Spicer, Sean M. Kilgallen, Rebecca J. Rowe, and Kathryn H. Thompson
For 20 years there has been a push to integrate the basic and clinical sciences in medical school curricula. Recently, studies have suggested that cognitive integration by the student is best achieved when the relationships between basic science and clinical domains are explicitly demonstrated. Concept mapping in response to a prompt, which asks students to create relationships among clinical and basic science concepts, should provide explicit connections that lead... Read More
Kathryn H. Thompson, Douglas B. Spicer, Sean M. Kilgallen, Rebecca J. Rowe, and Barbara J. Winterson
For 20 years there has been a push to integrate the basic and clinical sciences in medical school curricula. Recently, studies have suggested that cognitive integration is achieved when the relationships between basic science and clinical domains are explicitly demonstrated. In order to investigate methods that promote cognitive integration we performed a pilot study to develop and test different learning resources. We then surveyed students’ perceptions of these resources... Read More
Laura Hitchcock, Brandon Kong, Hoang Pham, and John Redwanski
Herbal supplement sales in the U.S. increased by 7.5% between 2014 and 2015, from $6.441 billion to $6.922 billion, according to newly released data from the Nutrition Business Journal (NBJ). Dietary supplements and over-the-counter medications (OTC’s) do not have to be proven safe or effective before being sold to consumers like prescription medications. Under the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994, manufacturers only have to prove their... Read More
Differential Effects Of Cardiovascular And Resistance Exercise On Functional Mobility In Individuals With Advanced Cancer: A Randomized Trial
Amy J. Litterini, Vickie Fieler, James T. Cavanaugh, and Jeannette Lee
Objective: To compare the effects of resistance and cardiovascular exercise on functional mobility in individuals with advanced cancer.
Design: Prospective, 2-group pretest-posttest pilot study with randomization to either resistance or cardiovascular exercise mode.
Setting: Comprehensive community cancer center and a hospital-based fitness facility.
Demographics: Volunteer sample of individuals with advanced cancer recruited through the cancer center, palliative care service, rehabilitation department, and a local hospice.
Outcome Measures: Functional mobility... Read More
Sally McCormack Tutt
During each clinical experience, the faculty visit or conduct a phone call during the mid-term period to check in with the student and their clinical instructor(s) in order to determine how the student is performing. With the growth of the DPT program at UNE, it became challenging to visit each student. The Director of Clinical Education (DCE) began utilizing a Skype 'visit' to make the mid-term contact and monitored... Read More
Alexandria D'Ambruoso, Kelsey Schwarz, Alex Deal, Kristen Erickson, Edward Bilsky, and Michael Burman
Research poster describing UNE's Center for Excellence in the Neurosciences (CEN) K-12 outreach program. Founded in 2009 with three main areas of focus—research, scholarship and community outreach—CEN includes over 40 faculty members affiliated with neuroscience research and/or education. The Neuroscience Outreach Program was established in 2009 with the goal of bringing fun, interactive neuroscience lessons to schools to engage students in learning about neuroscience. UNE undergraduate and professional students... Read More
Mikhail Eltsov, Sergey Sosnovksi, Ada L. Olins, and Donald E. Olins
Nuclear Envelope-Limited Chromatin Sheets (ELCS) form during excessive interphase nuclear envelope growth in a variety of cells. ELCS appear as extended sheets within the cytoplasm connecting distant nuclear lobes. Cross-section stained images of ELCS, viewed by transmission electron microscopy, resemble a sandwich of apposed nuclear envelopes separated by ~30 nm, containing a layer of ordered chromatin fibers. EM Procedures: The ultrastructure of ELCS was compared by three different methods:... Read More
Irina Fedulow and Katherine S. Rudolph
The perception of pain in patient populations can arise from tissue damage but when pain persists past the point of tissue healing it is thought to relate to abnormal pain processing in the CNS such as persistent central sensitization. Studies have shown that persistent central sensitization occurs in about 1/3 of people with chronic pain from knee OA and this abnormal pain processing can affect motor output and motor... Read More
Research Based Course Design For Supervisors Of Aspiring School Administrators: Effective Mentor Characteristics
The on-line training modules developed in this study draw on effective administrative induction programs (Hackmann, D., Russell, F., & Elliott, R., 1999), characteristics of administrative supervisors (Barth, 2003) and mentoring (Hall, 2008). Research on school leadership indicates that principal candidates are not prepared for the deluge of responsibilities to lead schools at higher standards (Institute for Educational Leadership, 2000) field-based internship experiences are inadequate.
Lovely (2004) implied that universities... Read More
Remineralization Of Enamel Lesions Proximal To Dentin Cavitated Lesions Restored With Resin Modified Glass Ionomer In The Primary Dentition
Christina McCann, David Velek, Dzhuliya Servetnik, and Nicholas Wentworth
Poster presentation of research proposal addressing: the evaluation of dental hard tissue remineralization proximal to glass ionomer restorations. It is hypothesized that glass ionomer used in class II restorations will provide significantly more bioavailable fluoride and hard tissue remineralization on the proximal surface of adjacent teeth as compared to the same restoration completed using resin composite materials.... Read More
Self-Study In Patient Safety And Quality Improvement To Enhance Student Experience In Interprofessional Case Competition
M. Lisa Pagnucco, Erin Maggie Jones, James Walrath, Danielle Cropley, Lindsay Robusto, Nora Asamoah, and Leslie Ochs
Objective: The Interprofessional Student Advisory Team (IPSAT) at the University of New England (UNE) organized its 2nd interprofessional student case competition, modeled after the CLARION competition from the University of Minnesota. Completion of an online certificate in patient safety and quality improvement from the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) Open School was added as a pre-requisite to participation in the 2014 competition. Completion of this program was predicted to... Read More
Exploring The Attitudes, Knowledge, And Receptivity Of Community-Working Pharmacists Regarding Two Over-The-Counter Medications (OTCs)
Robin Spielmann and John Redwanski
Many patients go without access to contemporary or traditional Western medicine due to lack of quality health insurance. Thus, more patients are turning to other less expensive, alternative forms of treatment. Our analysis of several different community-pharmacies in Maine, Indiana, Ohio, and Kentucky showed that many practicing pharmacists know little about these types of alternative therapies, and make little effort answering questions and/or making a safe recommendation about these... Read More
Daniel A. Brazeau, Calvin Meaney, Shirley Chang, Rocco Venuto, Nick Leca, Aijaz Gundroo, Sarah Morse, Joseph Consiglio, Louise Cooper, and Kathleen Tornatore
BACKGROUND: P-glycoprotein (P-gp), an ABC transport protein contributes to the interpatient pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic variability of calcineurin inhibitors(CNI), tacrolimus(TAC) and cyclosporine (CYA). ABCB1 encodes P-gp and the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) 1236C>T, 2677G>T/A, 3435C>T may alter protein expression or function. Our objective was to examine the association of ABCB1 haplotypes, sex and race with chronic CNI adverse effects (AE) in renal transplant recipients (RTR). METHODS: A meta-analysis of 3... Read More
Sally McCormack Tutt
Poster describing a case study created to help determine the feasibility of allowing the Director of Clinical Education to telecommute from Florida to Maine as a unique way to retain a valued core faculty member of the DPT department. Concludes there are benefits to departments considering this method of job performance, including: decreasing the turnover of quality faculty at an institution, reducing stress of a vacancy on the department... Read More
John Redwanski and Diana Nguyen
Poster presentation: The increased incidence of drug abuse in the state of Maine has correlated with the prevalence of pharmacy robberies. A 1400 percent increase of pharmacy robberies within the past 3 years has caught the attention of law enforcement and government. Maine’s attorney general commissioned the drug abuse task force to properly control this pharmacy epidemic.... Read More
Cost-Effectiveness And Implementation Of A Drug Information Center In The Bahamas And Surrounding Caribbean Islands
Alexander Wilson and John Redwanski
Poster presentation: Currently, no drug information centers exist in the Bahamas or Caribbean Islands. There is a significant strain placed on the Public Hospitals Authority pharmacy budget in the Bahamas. The ability to purchase multiple medications in the same therapeutic class without beneficial cost analysis provided by drug information centers, specifically drug utilization reviews to the Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee, has depleted the hospital’s budget. This project is designed... Read More
Racial Influence on ABCB1 Gene Expression in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells in Stable Renal Transplant Recipients
Daniel A. Brazeau, Kathleen Tornatore, Aijaz Gundroo, and Rocco Venuto
Background: Immunosuppressive therapy (IT) such as tacrolimus are influenced by pglycoprotein (P-gp) which modulates cellular efflux of this drug. P-gp is present on peripheral mononuclear cells (PBMC) and is encoded by the ABCB1 gene. No data are available regarding the impact of race on ABCB1 gene expression in PBMCs post-transplant over IT dosing interval. Methods: An observational study was completed in 20 African American (AA) and 11 Caucasian (C)... Read More
Michael Fillyaw, Elizabeth Dyer, and Sally McCormack Tutt
Poster presentation describing the outcomes for 30 first-year DPT students instructed in the elements of Evidence-Based Practice in a 2 credit course - Scientific Inquiry 1 (SI1). Faculty evaluated changes in: (1) DPT students’ knowledge and skills of EBP, as measured by the Adapted Fresno Test of Competence in Evidence-Based Practice (AFT) and (2) students’ self-confidence in EBP skills. This is the first study to use the AFT to... Read More