Faculty Advisor

Markus Frederich



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Invasive species represent a global threat to ecosystems, human health, and the economy. A basic knowledge of invasive species biology is crucial to understand current and future impacts and implications. The purpose of this book is to provide a broad background on invasive species, and also details on specific examples through case studies.

The students in the course Aquatic Invasive Species (MAR 442) at the University of New England in Biddeford, Maine, have researched and reviewed scientific literature to educate readers about these issues. The class, comprised of twelve junior and senior Marine Science, Marine Affairs, Applied Mathematics, and Environmental Sciences students, selected the different topics, presented the material, wrote the chapters, and assembled the final versions into this book. This book cannot be all inclusive, but we think this book will provide an excellent broad overview of the most important aspects of Invasive Species Biology and might stimulate the reader to dive deeper into the material.

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Environmental Sciences | Marine Biology | Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecology


Copyright © 2018 the authors. Please cite correctly if utilized. Please contact the authors to request permissions for use beyond personal or educational fair use.


Written by students taking the MAR 442 Aquatic Invasive Species course at the University of New England.

Preface 3; Contents 4; Introduction 5, Case Studies 20; Asian Carp; Hypophthalmichthys nobilis, Ctenopharyngodon idella, Hypophthalmusmicthys molitrix, and Mylopharyngodon piceus 21; Sea Lamprey, Petromyzon marinus 25; Chinese Mitten Crab, Eriocheir sinensis 29; Northern Pacific Seastar, Asterias amurensis 33; Five Invasive Tunicates: Ciona intestinalis, Styela clava, Didemnum vexillum, Botryllus schlosseri, and Botrylloides violaceous 39; The New Zealand Mud Snail, Potamopyrgus antipodarum 46; Purple Loosestrife, Lythrum salicaria 52; Goldfish, Carassius auratus 58; Comb Jellies, Mnemiopsis leidiy and Beroe sp. 62; Lionfish, Pterios volitans 65; Lake Trout, Salvelinus namaycush 69; Zebra Mussel, Dressina polymorpha 72; Conclusion 78

Aquatic Invasions: Causes, Consequences, And Solutions
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