Faculty Advisor(s)

David Harris

Cheryl Nimmo

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© 2023 The Author


Lidocaine is a local anesthetic that is often administered to surgical patients undergoing anesthesia. While it was originally utilized as an intravenous antiarrhythmic or for local infiltration, it is now frequently used for the proven opioid-sparing and anti-inflammatory effects during surgeries (Beaussier et al., 2018). A common complaint of postoperative patients is pain, and the administration of intravenous lidocaine can potentially decrease patients' perception of pain after surgical procedures (Lee & Schraag, 2022).

Opioids are commonly administered to patients to help control their pain immediately after surgical procedures. Though opioids are the typically chosen treatment for acute surgical pain, they can have significant side effects. As stated by Wei et al. (2019), opioid administration can lead to reduced gastric motility, postoperative nausea and vomiting, and increased length of hospital stay. These adverse effects can be minimized by using intravenous lidocaine as a part of multimodal anesthesia for pain management by decreasing opioid consumption. This study examines the effects of intravenous lidocaine on postoperative opioid use in patients undergoing laparoscopic abdominal surgery. Overall, intravenous lidocaine is proven to reduce postoperative pain scores and decrease perioperative opioid use.


MSNA Capstone



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