Faculty Advisor(s)

Kirsten Buchanan



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The Navicular Drop Test (NDT) is used as a clinical measure of mid-foot pronation. Objective measurements are rooted in the trust of the tool. When utilizing the NDT, the tool is the practicing clinician. Research has revealed that experienced clinicians have good-excellent intra- and inter-rater reliability when measuring navicular drop (ND). Current data reports ~25,000 practicing US PTs have < 3 years experience. There is limited research exploring the intra- and inter-rater reliability of less experienced DPTs when performing the NDT. The purpose of this research report was to determine the intra- and inter-rater reliability of three 2nd year DPT students.

Publication Date



Physical Therapy

Intra-Rater & Inter-Rater Reliability In 2nd Year DPT Students Performing The Navicular Drop Test



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