Document Type


Publication Date



This project developed a model conservation plan for local land use decision making that engaged diverse stakeholders in discussions about conservation values, ecosystem services and strategies to balance conservation and economic development. This locally focused action research case study tested the application of ecosystem based management (EBM), Collaborative Learning and land use technology tools to land use planning. Lessons learned were scaled up to create capacity building training for land use decision makers and coastal managers to increase interdisciplinary skills for implementing ecosystem based management.

Collaborative Learning and EBM Tools were tested and evaluated for their contribution to implementing EBM in the context of local land use. EBM is a holistic approach to managing coupled ecological and social systems that incorporates the knowledge and perspectives of diverse stakeholders into a shared vision of desired future outcomes (Meffee, et al 2002). The long term goal of EBM is to sustain the provision of valued goods and services provided by ecological systems (MacLeod and Leslie, 2009). Community based ecosystem management (CBEM) shares the principles and theoretical foundation of EBM with an added focus on actions that make the places where people live, work and play noticeable better today and in the future (Meffe et al., 2002). The place-based focus of CBEM combined with the stakeholder engagement practices of Collaborative Learning provided an adaptable and practical framework for development of Headwaters – A Collaborative Conservation Plan for Sanford, Maine.


Project Start Date: October 2007.

This project was funded by a grant from NOAA/UNH Cooperative Institute for Coastal and Estuarine Environmental Technology, NOAA Grant Number(s) NA06NOS4190167.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.